Latvijas Republikas Iekšlietu Ministrijas
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Examinations provided by the Citizenship Law

Pursuant to the Citizenship Law of the Republic of Latvia, in order to acquire citizenship of Latvia under a naturalisation procedure applicants shall pass the test on fluency in the Latvian language, knowledge of the basic principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, the text of the National Anthem, and the basics of the history and culture of Latvia.

Tests provided by the Citizenship law are regulated by Cabinet Regulation No. 973 of the 24th September 2013 Regulations on Testing Fluency in the Latvian Language, Knowledge of the Basic Principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, the Text of the National Anthem, and the Basics of the History and Culture of Latvia.

The aim of the test is to assess the applicant’s skill of the Latvian language and ability to consciously use the language. The applicant should be able to master the language at such a level that is necessary for successful integration into society, communication on a daily basis and in social situations.

 

Where do tests take place?

  • Testing the language and knowledge as provided by the Citizenship Law takes place in the following regional divisions of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs:
  • Riga 4 division, Riga, Daugavpils str. 31;
  • Liepaja division, Liepaja, Veca ostmala 24;
  • Daugavpils division, Daugavpils, 18.novembra str. 105;
  • Visiting commissions may also offer taking tests in Jekabpils, Valmiera and Ventspils.

Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs also regularly organise Information Days during which people may learn the most recent information about acquiring citizenship, as well as try sample tests. Dates of the upcoming Information Days may be found here.

What to take into account before tests?

When preparing for the tests as provided by the Citizenship Law applicants may use instructional material about the basics of the history of Latvia and constitutional principles of the State – J. Taurēns Latvijas vēstures pamatjautājumi un valsts konstitucionālie principi (price 5,14 euro).

Instructional and methodological materials may be purchased in any regional division of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs.

Important information for applicants!

  • Applicants should make sure of any exemption from tests, for instance, in relation to their education, age or disability;
  • The test should be taken within two months after the submission of documents necessary for naturalisation;
  • When arriving for the test applicants are required to present a personal identification document and a document allowing them to take the test.

 

Exemptions

Persons who have acquired higher education in the Latvian language in an educational establishment with Latvian as an instructional language.*

Exemption from the test on fluency in the Latvian language

Persons who, after 31 August 2011, have taken the centralised examination in the Latvian language (in a certified education programme for year 9) acquiring a total assessment of not less than 50 % or the centralised examination in the Latvian language (in a certified education programme for year 12) acquiring a total assessment of not less than 20 %.*

Exemption from the test on fluency in the Latvian language

Persons who have received primary education in the Latvian language acquiring more than half of the primary education curriculum in the Latvian language.

Exemption from both tests

Persons who have reached the age of 65

Exemption from the writing skills test in the Latvian language

Persons with a disability of group I, II or III

Different types of exemptions from tests depending on disability

*Diploma or certificate term of validity at the moment of submitting application for naturalisation – 5 years

Exemptions from the tests for the persons with disability:

  • a person with Group I disability, a person with Group II disability that was determined due to a developing mental disease, a person with Group II or GroupIIIdisability that was determined due to deaf-mutism or bilateral deafness – been exempt from both tests;
  • a person with Group II or III disability who has no right (left) hand or right (left) hand wrist, a person with Group II or III vision disability been exempt from the writing part of the the test on fluency in the Latvian language;
  • a person with Group II or III disability due to speech disorder been exempt from the speaking part of the test on fluency in the Latvian language;
  • a person with Group II or GroupIIIdisability due to hearing impairment been exempt from listening and speaking parts of the test on fluency in the Latvian language;
  • a person with Group II or GroupIIIdisability determined due to other health problems, receiving the decision of the State Medical Commission for the Assessment of Health Condition and Working Ability, got the right to receive exemptions from the tests on the basis of the decision of the authorized person of the Head of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs.

 

Test on fluency in the Latvian language

The test on fluency in the Latvian language consists of two parts – written part and oral part testing the following four skills:

1. Listening – this section of the test measures the ability of an applicant to understand spoken language. The applicant listens to texts resembling daily conversations like a short two person dialogue, radio broadcast (monologue) such as weather forecast, changes to train times etc.

2. Reading – the applicant reads different common texts and simple official statements like various signs, informal letters/notes, advertisements etc. understanding the idea of the text and finding the requested information.

3. Writing – the applicant fills out a form, writes a short letter on a common topic showing ability to provide personal information and communicate in writing in daily situations.

4. Speaking – the applicant answers ten interview questions about personal life, talks about some daily situation, talks about a given picture and expresses opinion about it.

Samples of the tests on fluency in the Latvian language:

- Working paper

- Listening

- Audio record (MP3)

- Reading

- Writing

- Speaking 

Oral testing sample (audio record)

Sample of speaking skills testing for persons who have reached the age of 65 and disabled persons.

Important information for applicants!

  • If the applicant fails to pass the test on fluency in the Latvian language the first time, the test may not be retaken sooner than three months after the first trial.
  • The applicant will only be retested on the part failed rather than the whole test in the Latvian language.
  • The test on knowledge of the basic principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, the text of the National Anthem and the basics of the history and culture of Latvia may only be taken after passing the test on fluency in the Latvian language.

Test on knowledge of the basic principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia, the text of the National Anthem and the basics of the history and culture of Latvia

This test may be taken in an oral or written form. In the oral test the applicant answers one question about the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia and the other about the history and culture of Latvia. In the written test the applicant takes a test consisting of 18 questions (10 questions about the history of Latvia and 8 questions about the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia). In both tests the applicant should write or speak the text of the National Anthem.

Test sample

Important information for applicants!

  • Each section of the test (Constitution/Anthem, history and culture) is evaluated separately. The test is considered passed when all its sections are passed.
  • If the applicant fails to pass the test the first time, the test may not be retaken sooner than one month after the first trial.
  • The applicant will only be retested on the section of the test failed rather than the whole test on knowledge.

If the applicant does not agree with a decision of the Examination Commission it is possible to appeal against this decision in a period of 30 days to the Head of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs.

  • The test on fluency in the Latvian language and knowledge as provided by the Citizenship Law may not be taken more than three times. If the applicant also fails to pass any test the third time, the examination of an application for naturalisation is terminated. (If the examination of an application for naturalisation is terminated a person is entitled to submit a new application for naturalisation without any restrictions on submission dates and reinitiate a naturalisation process).
  • If the applicant fails to arrive for the test and submit documents within two months stating a plausible reason for failure to arrive for the test, the examination of the application for naturalisation is terminated. If the applicant submits the relevant documents within the specified period of time another date and time are given for the test.

For more information about the tests contact the regional divisionsof the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs or attend the Information Days.

Where to receive additional information?

E-mail: pskn@pmlp.gov.lv or np@pmlp.gov.lv, phone: +371 67209400

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